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Home >> From 1867 to Present Day >> Historical Connections >> Artifacts

The fur trade influenced the historical development of Canada in a number of ways including: the development and expansion into western and northern Canada; the significance of Canadian place names; the origin and rise of the Métis Nation; the impact of interaction between the First Peoples and the Europeans-and these connections can be found in personal and commercial stories about the people and events of the fur trade.

Image 1
Creator: Dene; Western Subarctic; Northwest Territories
Year made: Early 20th Century
Dimensions: 26 cm long; 4.3 cm wide; 6 cm wide
Location: The Manitoba Museum; Artifact HBC 78-8
Copyright Holder: The Manitoba Museum

(M20) Dene Cariole, Model

Model of cariole made from wood and Native smoke-tanned hide. The sled portion was made from wood and the back and the sides were fashioned from hide.

Other Related Material
Learn more about carioles or sleds - enter 'sled' or 'cariole' in the search box to your left.

Check the Beaver Index - e.g., My First Experience of Camp Fire and Cariole, by Augusta M. Harding, March 1925.

Did You Know?
The term “cariole” was first used to refer to a variety of horse-drawn sleighs, particularly the lightweight open sleigh used in French Canada. Sometimes these sleighs were pulled by dogs.

During the fur trade era, the term “cariole” became more commonly used for a toboggan-like sled with sides made from hide or canvas. Birch boards were often used for the sled portion.

Pulled by a dog team, the cariole transported a passenger or cargo. A dog team driver would run along behind the cariole sled while it was under way, shouting commands to the dogs to guide their pace and direction of movement. Trappers and traders used the cariole throughout the winter months to transport supplies and furs.