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Home >> From 1867 to Present Day >> Historical Connections >> Artifacts

The fur trade influenced the historical development of Canada in a number of ways including: the development and expansion into western and northern Canada; the significance of Canadian place names; the origin and rise of the Métis Nation; the impact of interaction between the First Peoples and the Europeans-and these connections can be found in personal and commercial stories about the people and events of the fur trade.

Image 1
Creator: C.C. Sinclair; Eastern Subarctic; Norway House, Manitoba
Year made: c. 1910
Dimensions: 206 cm long; 58 cm wide; 74 cm high
Location: The Manitoba Museum; Artifact HBC 1218
Copyright Holder: The Manitoba Museum

(M33) HBC Cariole

The cariole is a sleigh made from wooden planks of oak held together with sinew lashing. The back and the sides are made from panels of rawhide that have been painted green. The interior is lined with green velveteen cloth. In this example, the letters “HBC” and the HBC coat of arms are painted in white on to the left-hand side of the cariole.

Other Related Material
Learn more about carioles or sleds - enter 'sled' or 'cariole' in the search box to your left.

Check the Beaver Index - e.g., My First Experience of Camp Fire and Cariole, by Augusta M. Harding, March 1925.

Did You Know?
The term “cariole” was first used to refer to a variety of horse-drawn sleighs, particularly the lightweight open sleigh used in French Canada. Sometimes these sleighs were pulled by dogs.

During the fur trade era, the term “cariole” became more commonly used for a toboggan-like sled with sides made from hide or canvas. Birch boards were often used for the toboggan planking.

Pulled by a dog team, the cariole transported a passenger or cargo. A dog team driver would run along behind the cariole sled while it was under way shouting commands to the dogs to guide their pace and direction of movement. Trappers and traders used the cariole throughout the winter months to transport supplies and furs.

Some carioles, especially those used to transport dignitaries or celebrants of special occasions such as weddings, were decorated with painted designs. This one is a more elaborate version that was made by Charles Cuthbert Sinclair, a Chief Accountant at Norway House.

It is a duplicate of one that was constructed for presentation to Countess Grey, the wife of Earl Grey, the Governor General of Canada (1904-1911). The Greys had travelled to Norway House from Ottawa in 1910.